Analysis on the competitiveness of the most popula

2022-08-16
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Analysis on the competitiveness of the machine tool and cutting tool industry in China and the United States

global general machinery, automobile, aerospace, energy, medical treatment, rail transit, mold and machine tools and other industries are inseparable from cutting tool equipment. From the perspective of future development trend, the global tool market is expected to grow by 3% to 5% annually in the next five years. At such a growth rate, we still rank first in the world. From the perspective of domestic tool supply, domestic tools occupy the mainstream position, accounting for 65%. Over the years, we have also achieved excellent enterprises like Zhuzhou Diamond. With the original four tool factories, there are about 10 backbone enterprises, all of which have entered the modern tool industry from traditional tools, and are developing better year by year. They have entered a period of rapid growth. This is a very good performance

according to the data, the total production of domestic cutting tools in China was 29billion yuan in 2010. In addition to supplying the domestic market, the export of cutting tools was 7billion yuan. In the same year, the total sales of imported and domestic cutters reached 33billion yuan, ranking first in the world. China's cutting tools increased by 40% in 2010, and the growth in the first three quarters exceeded 50%. The sales of foreign cutting tool enterprises in China also increased very well in 2010. Without market demand, there is no development. With market demand, this is our biggest advantage

in the sales of 33billion yuan, the imported 11billion yuan tools are all modern high-efficiency tools. Among the domestic 22billion yuan tools, only about 2billion yuan can be called modern high-efficiency tools, accounting for 10% to 15%, while the sales of foreign brand tools account for 1/3 of China's tool consumption. This shows that while China has become the world's largest cutting tool market with the most development potential, the high-end market is occupied by multinational enterprises, which is a big problem

in 2011, the domestic tool market still maintained a high-speed growth and is expected to create a new historical peak. Statistics show that in the first half of the year alone, the domestic tool market achieved a growth rate of 25% - 30%. Although the growth rate has dropped since July, it can still achieve a growth rate of 15% throughout the year. Comparatively speaking, the international tool market has maintained a stable recovery in recent years, but the annual growth rate is conservatively estimated to be only about 3% - 5%, while the domestic market will gradually maintain a stable annual growth rate of 10% - 15% after experiencing the high-speed growth last year. Therefore, the growth rate of the domestic tool market capacity will be more than 3 times faster than that of the international market

China has become the world's largest tool market with the most development potential, and many multinational tool groups, without exception, take expanding tool sales in China as their first choice in their development strategies in the post crisis era. The Asia Pacific headquarters, R & D centers, training centers, logistics centers, etc. of enterprises have settled in China, so as to radiate Asia with China as the center and serve customers more directly and conveniently, Better meet the special needs of customers in the Asia Pacific region. Luo Baihui, Secretary General of the International Association of mold, hardware and plastic industry suppliers, believes that the reason why the Chinese market is so valued, The main reason lies in the description of the Chinese market (the friction field sales share caused by improper adjustment of hydraulic rib support accounts for an increasing proportion of its global market share. In order to firmly grasp the Chinese market, foreign tool manufacturing enterprises are carefully studying the needs of China's equipment industry. For example, shangao tool set up an industry development department this year, aiming to take the industry as the research object and focus on providing solutions for the processing of typical parts in the industry. The technical experts of this department Each is responsible for a key industry, paying attention to the development trends of the industry, solving the technical problems of tool application in the industry, and holding tool application training for customers in the industry from time to time

stevemorency, President of the American Cutting Tool Association (uscti), said, "Globally, from North America to some parts of Europe, as well as most parts of Asia, the market is quite busy. At the emo2011 machine tool exhibition held not long ago, participants seemed to be looking for processing solutions that could solve production problems, rather than just purchasing casually. The sales of machine tool manufacturers at the exhibition seemed to be quite strong. Many industries provided growth opportunities - Aviation (especially commercial aircraft) The development of the automobile, medical and energy industries is in the ascendant. "

the sales data reported by uscti member enterprises shows that the recovery has been very good since the tool sales fell to the bottom in the second quarter of 2009. Although the sales growth in the first few months of 2010 stagnated slightly, the annual sales value still increased by 24%. The sales growth in 2011 was even stronger. As of August this year, the sales growth exceeded 31%, reaching US $1.134 billion. However, Morency believes that there are also some problems and concerns to curb this optimism, one of which is "the slow economic recovery and high unemployment rate in the United States". In addition, due to tight supply, the price of raw materials is rising. "In the past 12-18 months, the price of cemented carbide has increased by 40% - 50%, and people are worried that it may rise further in the future."

however, Morency is optimistic about the prospects of the tool market. He predicts, "I am very positive about the prospects for next year. The growth of tool sales should reach double digits. Unless there is a major setback, the growth rate may be between 15% and 20%

gibbon, vice president of strategic information and research at the American Association for manufacturing technology (AMT), is quite optimistic that the US machine tool industry is unlikely to fall into another recession in the near future. He said, "this possibility is only about 20%. Now, our product prices are very competitive in the world - except China. And China's labor costs are rising rapidly, so machine tools made in the United States - to be exact, all products made in the United States - will soon be more competitive than Chinese products."

MCGIBBON said that the recovery momentum of American machine tool manufacturers has been stronger than expected, especially in some machine tool markets. "Our three major markets are automobile, construction machinery and aerospace. The construction machinery market is showing a rapid growth trend. The annual output of the automotive industry is only 12million, but the profit is growing significantly. Compared with the previous year's output of 17million, the industry's profit is very small. Of course, the reduction of the wage rate is also helpful to the profit."

MCGIBBON added, "the growth rate in 2012 may be slightly worse than that in 2011, just because this year is too hot. At present, we are close to the peak level in 2007."

hardware tools, as an important part of equipment manufacturing industry and important process equipment in machining, determine the processing efficiency, accuracy, quality and cost of parts in manufacturing industry. Speaking of the gap with advanced technology, Luo Baihui believes that from the perspective of users, there are two biggest gaps: first, the product structure of the whole industry is backward, and the traditional general standard cutting tools still account for the majority, and the sales are very good. There have even been so-called "low alloy high speed steel" blades. The transformation of low-grade products is very slow, and there are also counterfeits, which is a serious problem. At present, both high-end and low-end sales in China are very good, which is worth thinking about. Second, on the whole, there are still gaps in equipment, technology and services. Although the equipment conditions and technologies of some enterprises are improving, they still can't meet the needs of users. The problem mainly lies in services. In terms of solutions, it shows that the combination between us and users is not good enough. Based on the premise of "industry university research", now it is proposed that "industry university research use" and "use" should take the lead. Modern advanced manufacturing technology is led by user enterprises, and users in China should also take the lead, so as to drive the development of a large number of material suppliers and machine tool suppliers

according to 2 Subject to the analysis of Luo Baihui, Secretary General of the international mold and hardware and plastic industry suppliers association, the approximate cost composition of processing a workpiece is: 30% of the machine tool cost, 25% of the fixed indirect cost, 20% of the operators, 20% of the raw materials, and 5% of the cutting tools. When customers choose cutting tools, they not only pay attention to whether they can complete the processing quality, but also pay more attention to how to reduce the workpiece cost and achieve higher product profits. However, from the perspective of cost saving, the cost of cutting tools is only about 5%, which is relatively low. Therefore, the service consciousness of tool enterprises should shift from the tool itself to the "whole value chain" of workpiece, so as to greatly reduce the production cost of customers. The focus is on the whole production process of the workpiece, including equipment running time, minimum scrap rate, output improvement and efficient personnel utilization. According to this idea, tool enterprises should build brand value-added solutions for all customers, starting from the purchase and planning of ABS performance, spanning the entire production process itself, to the waste treatment and recycling of tools. This program has four standardized service modules, including planning, production and logistics, maintenance, training and professional knowledge. The cutting tool cost only accounts for about 5%. By constantly improving the whole process service plan, the production cost can be reduced by 20% to 50%, which fully reflects the value of the brand

China has begun to focus on the market of high-efficiency and high-quality cutting tools

in recent years, the technological development of many high-end manufacturing fields in China has brought new requirements to cutting tools. For example, automotive cutting tools must have the characteristics of high efficiency, high stability and specialization. With the continuous development of the automotive industry, new requirements came into being. From a technical point of view, there are mainly trends of heavy load, compounding, specialization, standardization, high speed and variety diversification. In the field of aerospace manufacturing, with the wide application of titanium alloys, superalloys and other difficult to machine materials, how to correctly select and reasonably use tools for efficient and high-quality cutting has become a very important industrial topic

domestic cutting tools should have the advantages of timing, location and people in providing cutting tool services for the above manufacturing fields. But in fact, imported tools basically occupy the high-end users in the machining industry, especially in the automobile engine manufacturing workshop, aircraft engine manufacturing enterprise machining workshop or steam turbine manufacturing workshop. Among the efficient and high-precision machining tools, they are almost monopolized by imported tools, and it is difficult to see the trace of domestic tools. Domestic cutting tools are mostly used in medium and low demand customer groups, such as agricultural machinery, motorcycles, agricultural vehicles, general machinery and medium and low-grade machinery manufacturing industry

not only that, the extensive development of manufacturing industry has led to the extremely unbalanced development of machine tools and cutting tools. According to Luo Baihui, Secretary General of the International Association of mold and hardware and plastic industry suppliers, at present, the consumption ratio of CNC machine tools and cutting tools in foreign developed countries is 2:1, while the domestic proportion is too low, and the total consumption of cutting tools is less than 1/5 of the total consumption of machine tools. Many manufacturing enterprises spend a lot of money on machine tools, but they are reluctant to buy advanced and efficient cutting tools. The market demand for traditional cutting tools has remained high for a long time, which is also an important reason why many domestic cutting tool enterprises are unwilling to enter the production of advanced and efficient cutting tools

at the same time, we must face up to the gap between Chinese tool enterprises and foreign enterprises, including basic technology, innovation ability, promotion ability and service ability of components, rubber parts, fixtures and fixtures. Users' needs and tool enterprises should be allowed to become innovation oriented, and leading enterprises should play a leading and exemplary role in the field of technology application. However, some key domestic backbone enterprises and new excellent private enterprises have made great strides in developing modern and efficient cutting tools

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